Thursday, May 16, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 659






Telemark, Løveidkanalen, 1906


This used Eneberettiget postcard, with a black and white photograph dated 1906, shows ships near the Løveid canal, Telemark, Norway, was printed and distributed by Peter Ålstrup Kunsforlag, Kristiania.  The card was mailed to I.C. Lee as a Christmas and New Year greeting from friends Kathrine og Hans Koblad.  This divided back card has a hand-written note dated 16 December 1907 at the upper right on the reverse.  For another more modern view of part of the canal and lock system, see the Thursday postcard #61 from 18 October 2012.


The canal links several long lakes in southern Norway connecting the towns of Skien and Dalen.  There are 18 locks in the series and took from 1854 to 1861 to complete.  Today there are river boats that take tourists down the staircase locks.  Originally there were two canals, the Norsjø-Skien, that linked Skien with Norsjø lake and a longer canal, Bandak-Norsjø.  The Bandak-Norsjø Canal which opened in 1892, was built mainly to transport goods and passengers, log floating and to prevent flooding.  It was made a National Cultural Heritage in 2017. 


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Thursday, May 9, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 658






Cattedrale di San Giusto: Piazzale 1898   Cathedral of San Giusto, Trieste, Italy

[Fototeca Civici Musei di Storia ed Arte di Trieste]


My friend who lives in Trieste recently sent some postcards with old vintage photos on them.  This card features the Cathedral of San Giusto, Trieste, Italy and the square in front of it.  This is a modern card with a reproduced photograph from 1898.  The old pictures are like looking through a window into past times.  The faces, poses, and clothing all provide a rare, wonderful glimpse into life as it was.  In the foreground of this one we see a mother carrying a baby and a young girl at her side.  There is a man in uniform standing by the column. 


According to my friend the amazing thing is that the buildings and the appearance of scene has not changed except for the addition of automobiles. 


At the bottom left corner of the reverse side of the card is:  Comune di Trieste; Museo del Castello di San Giusto; Piazza della Cattedrale, 3 – 3421 Trieste.  There is also this link:


The cathedral is located on the top of a hill overlooking the city.  It is the main Catholic religious building and cathedral in the city of Trieste.  Two older churches, Santa Maria and another dedicated to the martyr San Giusto were incorporated under the same roof by Bishop Rodolfo Pedrazzani between 1301 and 1320 to provide one imposing cathedral.  It has a large rose window, just behind the tree at the right side of the card.  Both the bell tower and the façade of the church contain finds from the Roman period.  As an example, the entrance portal was from an ancient funeral monument.  The bell tower has 5 large bells.  Much of the interior has been demolished and rebuilt as time and use had caused significant damage.  However, some Byzantine apse mosaics have survived.  Following WWI and WWII restorations were necessary to the organ with the sound of the instrument adapted to the taste of the time after WWII.  The organ has three keyboards of 58 notes each.

 With many thanks to my friend who shared the cards and wrote comments on the back of each card.


For additional information, see:

[note:  there is an option for an English translation]


Thursday, May 2, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 657







“Five Graces” Bandwagon, Barnum & Bailey Circus


The Russell News Agency, Inc. distributed this color postcard that features what was known as the Five Graces Bandwagon used by the Barnum & Bailey Circus in parades between 1898 and 1902.  The number 51475 appears at the bottom center on the reverse.  There is a blurb at the top left corner:  “Ringling Museum of the Circus, Sarasota, Florida.  Glorious reminder of the “Golden Age” of American circus is the “Five Graces” Bandwagon.  The oldest, built in 1878, and most widely traveled circus parade vehicle in existence.  The bandwagon, drawn by 40 black horses, led the Barnum and Bailey European parades from 1898-1902.  This wagon is thought to have been built for Adam Forepaugh’s circus and later acquired by P.T. Barnum.


In the early days of the circus, around the 1870s, wagons were used to haul all the animals and equipment from town to town.  The wagons were costly to build and weighed approximately 8 tons, requiring 40 horses to pull each wagon.  The wagons were also used in the parades through the towns before the big tent was set up and the shows began.  P.T. Barnum coined the phrase “The Greatest Show on Earth,” and advertised his circus as a Great Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan, and Hippodrome.  The wagons carried people, animals, and equipment, such as tents, props, costumes, luggage, musical instruments, food supplies, etc.  One wagon even had a separate glass cage for the snakes. 


Forepaugh’s Circus and P.T. Barnum’s Circus were the two largest circuses in the United States during the 1870 and 1880s.  In addition, there were several smaller circuses in the 1800s that eventually went bust or were merged into one of the larger ones.  Forepaugh died in 1890 and his circus joined with Sells Brothers in 1900.  In 1907 the seven Ringling Brothers purchased Barnum and Bailey.  Transition to the much faster and more efficient rail travel began in the 1890s; although, the wagons were still used in parades.


The Five Graces Wagon is the oldest surviving example of the circus wagons of that era.  In the 1940s it was fitted out with modern gears and modern tires and appeared in a war bond parade in New York City.  From 1946 to 1948 it was in storage.  Eventually, in 1959, it was moved to the Museum of the American Circus located on the grounds of the John Ringling estate in Sarasota, Florida, where the original style of wheels replaced the upgraded ones, red paint and gold leaf finished the restoration as shown on the card.  


For additional information, see:


Sunday, April 28, 2024

Lorig Family, Update, 2024






Edd Lorig, ca 1919


Lorig Family history update.  The update comes as somewhat of a shocker.  We recently learned that Edd Lorig had been married first to Josephine Allower, on 5 February 1888 in Omaha, Douglas, Nebraska.  Josephine was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1867 the daughter of Lew Allower and Josephine Evers.  It is likely that the Allower name was changed from the French-Canadian spelling of the name Alloir [Alloyier] or Alloir-Roy to the more English Allower or Alawer.  Her father’s given name mostly likely was Louis rather than Lew or Lewis.  We do not know what happened to Josephine or how the marriage ended.


 State of Nebraska, Trinity Cathedral, Omaha—marriage certificate 1888


Edd’s name on the 1888 marriage certificate is listed as E.P. Lorig.  His parents are listed as:  Henry Lorig and Catherine Schloeder.  His birthplace is given as Mt. Pleasant, Henry, Iowa.  These facts fit the records we already have.  Helen Fuqua, the granddaughter of Edd’s sister, Maggie [Margaret] Lorig Ford, said that her grandmother always called her brother Pete or Peter rather than Edd; however, Edd’s baptismal record does not show a second or middle name. 


There are a few additional records to check to see if we can piece more of the history together.  Since Edd is listed on the 1892 Washington Territorial census as single, and two years later married Maggie Landaas in 1894, we can determine that something happened between 1888 and 1892 that ended his first marriage.  Oral history suggests that he may have been in Seattle as early as the time of the 1889 fire but that needs to be confirmed.  A first wife was never mentioned.  Either Josephine died, the marriage was annulled or they divorced, or they separated without benefit of a legal process.  So far, no children from this first marriage have been discovered.  In any event, this first marriage was a short one, possibly less than one year or up to almost 4 years in length. 


At first it was thought that Edd’s sister, Elizabeth, and her husband, Charles Keller, were already in Seattle and that was why he came out west.  However, they were still living in Chicago in 1910 according the census record.  What else could have caused him to travel across the country from Nebraska or Iowa to Seattle?  Perhaps it was because this was still the time period during the Alaska gold rush and Seattle was a boom town, the starting place for heading north to the gold fields.  It was a natural destination for many, especially young, single men.



St. Michael’s Episcopal Church, parish register, 1867, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa


Concerning Edd’s first name, he was always called, and often wrote his name just as Edd.  When he and two of his sisters, Mary Magdalene and Margaret Mae, were baptized in 1867 at St. Michael’s Episcopal church in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, his given name is written Edolph.  The witnesses at the baptisms were their parents and their maternal uncle, Adolph [written Edoph] Schloeder.  We see that Edd was named after his uncle, a common practice.  Some have thought there were two sons, Edward and Edolph, and two daughters, Margaret and Margarette; however, that is not the case.  These three children, Mary, Margaret and Edd, were baptized as young children instead of infants mostly likely because there was no German speaking Catholic church near where they lived.  Their German speaking parents may have thought the Episcopal church was a Catholic church or they may just have wanted to have the children baptized in a German language church.  Uncle Walt Lorig reported that his father always said there were 6 children in his family and he, Edd, was the only boy among the girls. shows 8 children but two, Edolph and Margarette, are duplicates, they are Edd and Margaret [Maggie].  


1870 U.S. Federal Census


Only three years after the baptisms, on the 1870 U.S. Federal Census for Iowa, the family is found on lines 7-14 with the surname written not as Lorig but as Larice, with Henry [head of household], Catherine [wife], children:  Anna [15], Elizabeth [13], Mary M.[10], Margaret [8], Adolph (aka Edd) [5], and Martha [1]. 




 Marriage certificate, 1894, Edward Lorig and Maggie Landaas


On the marriage certificate in 1894 to Maggie Landaas, Edd signs his name as Edward Lorig.  Then on the 1900 U.S. Federal Census for Washington Edd is found again as Edward Lorig with Maggie as his wife, and children:  Clara E., Harry and Walter.  On the subsequent, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940 U.S. Federal Census records his name continues to appear as Edward Lorig.  



If I find more information, I will update again. 






Thursday, April 25, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 656







Trieste, Italy 1954


The title of the photograph featured on this postcard is:  “Cerimonia per il ritorno di Trieste all’Italia, 4 novembre 1954, Archivo Giornalfoto.” 


Beginning in 1940 Italy joined World War II with Nazi Germany.  When the Fascist regime collapsed in 1943 the territory around Trieste was occupied by the German Wehrmacht armed forces.  Toward the end of the war the Yugoslav Partisan units entered Trieste on 1 May 1945.  The 2nd New Zealand Division also arrived the following day resulting in an uneasy truce between New Zealand and Yugoslav occupying troops.  1947 the United Nations Security Council approved a Resolution to create a free state in Trieste and the region surrounding it.  An international governor was approved by the U.K., U.S., France, and the Soviet Union.  Trieste was divided into two zones, A and B.  Seven years later, in 1954, the territory was dissolved with zone A given to Italy and zone B to Yugoslavia.  Today the Yugoslavian area is part of Solvenia and Croatia.  The card shows the massive crowd that came to celebrate the event in 1954. 



The Giornalfoto Archive was purchased in 1994 by the Municipality of Trieste.  The collection contains over one million photographic assets, mostly negatives, produced by the Giornalfoto agency, from 1950 to 1989.


This was one of several cards received recently.  Thanks to my friend who not only sent the postcards but wrote interesting and informative comments on each card.


For additional information, see:



Thursday, April 18, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 655






Palazzo Municipale, Trieste, Italy, 1880

[photo:  Giueppe Wulz]


This is another postcard with a reproduced vintage photo on it.  This one features the town hall with merchants, their carts and stalls in the square in front of the building.  This amazing picture was taken in 1880 by Giuseppe Wulz.  Wulz was an Italian artist/photographer born in 1843.  He died at age 75 in 1918.  His works have been offered at auction multiple times.  The card is a product of the Civici Musei di Storia ed Arte.  According to my friend, the building and square have not changed in more than 140 years, except for the addition of cars. 


One of the things my friend and I both noticed immediately were the carts that are not horse drawn but pushed or pulled by people.  Some of them, such as the cart at the upper right, are two wheeled, while others like the one in the middle, have four wheels.  Canvas sheets stretched across poles provide shade for the merchants selling their wares.  The carts appear to serve two purposes, one to transport the goods and second to display and act as a "shop" to sell the wares. Different views of the canvas shades can be observed.  Ingenious, simple covers to offer shade and its coolness during the long hot days.  Trieste is a port city, so there would be some sea breeze down by the water but perhaps not so much in front of the building and in the square where there do not seem to be any trees.


Before 1919 this square was known as Piazza Grande or the Great Square.  Today it has been used as a concert venue with an attendance of 12,000 people for the 99 Revolutions Tour in 2013.  The square is also used occasionally for visits of foreign heads of state and meetings.


Many thanks to my friend who sent the card, with comments!

For additional information, see:,Photograph%20on%20albuminised%20paper


Thursday, April 11, 2024

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 654






Mount Vernon, Washingtion -- Skagit Acres, Field Barn


It is a little earlier than some years, but it is time for the Skagit Valley Tulip Festival.  This card was purchased at the Pop-Up Store at Tulip Town.  The card is printed by Lantern Press, Seattle, Washington and has the title and image number 130704 at upper left corner on the reverse.  There is also a “printed on recycled paper, non-toxic ink – made in the USA” statement on the center line on the reverse.


We had not visited the tulip fields for about 4 years; however, past experiences suggested that it would be wise to wear boots if we planned to walk out into the fields.  The day we went it was cloudy with some sprinkles of rain as we were driving, but the rain had stopped by the time we got to the fields. 



 A few of the tulips were two toned



The founder of Tulip Town, Tom DeGoede emigrated from the Netherlands to Canada in 1956.  He and his brothers, Hank and John, later moved to Skagit County, Washington where they, and brother-in-law John Conijn, owned and operated DeGoede Bulb Farm..  Tom and his wife Jeannette, started their own farm in 1983 and named it Tulip Town.  In addition to tulips they also raised Dutch Iris, colchicums, gladiolas, alliums, daffodils, and cover crops.  They began offering tours and selling bouquets at their farm and the idea for a tulip festival began.  Originally there were 4 tulip farms participating in the festival which officially began in 1984.  


 Tom and Jeannette retired and sold the farm in 2017.  After Tom passed away in 2019, Jeannette wrote a book:  "Tulip Town Remembered" and dedicated it to him.  A review of the book states:  "Readers will hear Jeannette's voice throughout the book as she tells their story.  It is the story of America--immigrants coming here, working hard, having a dream and fulfilling that dream."  The book is available from Seaport Books, in LaConner, WA.



Today only two growers from the original 4 are still in business, they are Tulip Town and RoozenGaarde.  Bob and I have tried to alternate between these two.  RoozenGaarde has several planned beds, a gift shop, and large fields of brilliantly colored tulips.  Even though it appears to be larger than Tulip Town, it is far more crowded.  Both were founded by Dutch immigrants and both have a large windmill, entrance fees, ample parking spaces, and port-a-potties.



Tulip Town Windmill with display


Besides being slightly smaller, there are some other differences; Tulip Town has one main display that centers around the large windmill and a stream, allows dogs, has a covered pavilion with a beer/wine garden, a small snack bar with some pastries and a few lunch items.  They also have a “Merch” store and a Pop-Up store, a place to order bulbs, an indoor display, and potted tulips on sale.  It is usually less crowded, and has tractor-trolleys to ride in if one does not wish to risk mud and walk around in the fields.   We wore our hiking boots, did not step into any mud, and had a delightful slow walk around taking lots of pictures.  RoozenGaarde does not allow dogs, and has many more designed beds, also has a café, and plants and bulbs for sale. 




 Tulip Town Tractor Trolley.  There were three operating and one in reserve.



This row had mixed colors


Some of the rows had single colored tulips, others had mixed colors.  As can be seen it is still early in the season and some bulbs were just opening or not yet open.



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