Thursday, November 23, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 326





Prebends Bridge and Castle Durham

Here is another postcard from the travel collection that shows the Prebends Bridge and Durham Castle in the U.K.  The card is unused, a product of Photo Precision Limited, St. Ives, Huntingdon, Cambs., Great Britain.  Two identifying numbers are found on the reverse, DU 399 and PLX20603.

A footbridge over the River Wear was built at this location in 1574 but was swept away during a flood in 1771.  George Nicholson then designed this bridge, called the Prebends Bridge, and it was constructed during the years between 1772 and 1778.  A restoration of this bridge was done in 1956-1957.  The bridge forms part of the estate of Durham Cathedral.  It us used primarily as a footbridge since it joins riverside paths and leads to a closed road barrier, but it is wide enough for vehicles and was temporarily opened to them in 2010 when roadwork on the main roads necessitated it. 

Durham Castle, an example of early motte and bailey castles, seen above on the hillside is a Norman castle built in the 11th century.   It was the seat of the Bishop of Durham who was appointed by the King and exercised royal authority on his behalf.  It remained the bishop’s palace until the castle was donated to a newly formed college in 1837.  Since 1840 the castle has been occupied by University College, Durham.  Although it is a working building with over 100 students the castle does offer guided tours for visitors. 

Trivia:  The Great Hall is 46 ft or 14 meters high and over 98 ft 30 meters long.  The castle has two chapels, the Norman Chapel built about 1078 and the Tunstall’s Chapel, built in 1540.  In addition to services the chapels are also used for theatrical performances and other like purposes.  During university vacation periods the college offers rooms mostly for academic conferences.  The entrance was remodeled in the 18th and 19th centuries.  The castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  


Thanks to J & K for sharing the postcard.

For additional information, see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prebends_Bridge
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durham_Castle

Thursday, November 16, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 325





Roman Baths and Hot Springs, Bath, Somerset, England

Today’s unused postcard published for the City of Bath by the Bath City Council has photographs of the Roman Baths in Bath, Somerset, England.  The top left picture shows a northeast view of the pillar base of a portico leading to the sacred spring named for the Celtic goddess, Sulis, and associated later with the Roman goddess Minerva.  The lower left photo is a northwest view of the ruins of a structure adjacent to the sacred spring building.  The larger photograph on the right has two re-positioned corner stones of a sacrificial altar.  In background is the Pump room foundation, 1790.  The card has the number 1246 in the square where a stamp would be placed.  The baths are a major tourist attraction with more than one million visitors a year.

The Roman Baths are below the modern street level.  Entrance is through an 1897 concert hall.  Visitors can see the Baths and the associated museum but are no longer allowed to enter the water due to health concerns related to lead pipes and infectious diseases such as meningitis.  A newer Thermae Bath Spa, designed by Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners and the refurbished Cross Bath allow bathers to experience the waters instead.


The postcard below has a photograph of the Kings Bath viewed through the Roman arch.  This was probably built in the late 10th century for Edgar the first King of all England by the Benedictine Bishop of Bath.  It has been possessed and controlled by the City of Bath since 1554. The card was photographed and published by Unichrome and bears the identification number of 1169.



Where does the water come from and how hot does it get?  The water bubbles up from the ground at Bath falls as rain on Mendip Hills.  It percolates down through limestone aquifiers thousands of feet where it is heated by geothermal energy to temperatures between 156 and 204 degrees F or 69 and 96 degrees C.  The water then rises to the surface along fissures and faults in the limestone.  There were three baths, the caldarium, hot bath; the tepidarium, lukewarm bath; and the frigidarium, cold bath.  Drinking the water is also considered a curative or health practice.  A new spa water borehole was sunk to provide a supply of clean, safe water for drinking in the Pump Room.  The neo-classical Grand Pump Room salon is still used for both taking the waters and for social functions.

The first shrine at the hot springs was built by the Celts.  The Romans constructed a temple (60-70 AD) and the bathing complex was gradually building over a period of about 300 years.  The baths have been modified several different times due to disrepair after the Roman withdrawal, flooding and silting.  In 1810 it was thought that the Hot Springs were failing or had failed but upon investigation it was discovered that the water had changed course.  Once the water was re-directed to its original course the baths filled in less time.

The museum houses artifacts from the Roman period including the remains of an elaborate hypocaust heating system that served the sweat rooms.   It is a little hard to imagine how large these bathing rooms were.  I have not been to these in Bath, but the Cluny Museum in Paris is built over old Roman Baths.  One is marked as a Roman bath outside the building but not labeled hot, cold or medium. The frigidarium or cold water bath, the warm and hot water rooms are identified and located on the lower level of what is currently the museum.  Perhaps the picture below from the Cluny will provide some perspective on size.  Originally there must have been walls like a modern swimming pool around the room edges but those no longer exist.  As far as we could tell the windows do not date from the Roman times but were added later.




 Roman Bath, Cluny Museum, Paris, France

These postcards were among those in a group of travel cards shared by J & K and much appreciated.  Thanks!

For more information and additional photographs, see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Baths_(Bath)

Thursday, November 9, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 324




Manitou Cliff Dwellings, Colorado, 1952

The used postcard this week is another Linen-Type but without the typical white border.  It is dated 1952.  A Sanborn Souvenir Co. of Denver, Colorado publication, this card like the one last week uses C.T. Art-Colortone.  It has an identifying number on the reverse at the upper left, 2176. 

The Anasazi lived and migrated between 1200 BC and 1300 AD, within the Four Corners area of the Southwestern United States, several hundred miles southwest of Manitou Springs.  The dwellings pictured on the card were rebuilt in the early 1900s to serve as a museum, tourist attraction, and to preserve the culture of the people who once lived in them.  Reconstruction began in 1904 and the museum opened to the public in 1907.  The stones for the dwellings were taken from collapsed Anasazi buildings near Cortez, Colorado, shipped by train to Manitou Springs where they were reassembled at their current location.  In addition to this group of cliff dwellings the museum also has displays of what life was like for the people who lived here, exhibits that include archaeological artifacts, tools, pottery, and weapons.  Visitors can walk through the dwellings.  Anthropologist, Dr. Edgar Lee Hewett, and Virginia McClurg, founder of the Colorado Cliff Dwelling Association, approved and participated in the project. 

For additional information, see:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manitou_Cliff-Dwellings
 

Thursday, November 2, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 323






Highway Through the Needles, Custer State Park, Black Hills, South Dakota

This linen-type postcard, #7A-H2560, was published for the Burgess Co., Inc. of Keystone, South Dakota using the genuine Curteich-Chicago C.T. Art-Colortone method.  The title is given as, 116 Highway Through the Needles, Custer State Park, Black Hills, So. Dakota.  As mentioned previously, linen-type cards were popular during the 1930s and 1940s but some were also produced into the 1950s.  The Needles really do look this surreal.  An interesting place to visit.



Perhaps this beautiful but ominous sky should have warned us that . . .


the thunder, lightning and hail were almost upon us

On our long road trip this past July Bob and I stopped at parks and other places of interest both coming and going.  One of the places we visited was Custer State Park in South Dakota.  There are separate roads within the park so one can choose different things to see.  We were able to do both the Wildlife Loop Road and the Highway Through the Needles.  And while the day started out nice enough we did experience twenty-minutes or so of thunder, lightning with hail that left about 3 inches of hail on the road and hillsides before once again clearing.  




 As we rounded the bend we could see this large herd of bison


 There were lots of calves and all seemed calm, grazing . . .


but just before the storm began the herd started moving closer to the road.  This one is just a little too close, even looking through the closed car window.

The park is home to about 1500 bison aka buffalo.  We came upon a herd of about 200 or 300, some were very near to the road and others were dispersed on the surrounding hills.  A few minutes before the storm hit we noticed they were getting a little agitated and starting to move toward the trees and the roadway.  Several cars, including ours, were parked along side watching the animals.  Some people had gotten out to take photos.  We decided we should move the car, as we knew once the herd started to cross the roadway we would have a long wait for all the animals to pass and we did not want to get too close.   We had just pulled out and started then looked back to see the first bison beginning to cross the street.  It was only a few moments later that the thunder and lightning started.  The animals must have sensed the impending storm and started moving toward shelter.  


Besides the buffalo some of the animals we saw --



Pronghorn antelope 


 Mule deer


Mountain goat and her two kids


The park named after Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer and established in 1912, is huge, covering some 71,000 acres and is home to a number of wild animals.  The scenery is beautiful and the two routes we took were well worth the time.  In addition to the wildlife area is The Needles shown on the card above.  It is a region of granite pillars, towers and spires.  Originally the Needles were suggested as the place for the carvings that eventually ended up on nearby Mt. Rushmore instead.  The Needles attracts about 300,000 visitors a year both tourists and rock climbers.  




Highway through the Needles parking area near the main attraction


The Eye of the Needle



 The scenery and animals kept our attention and kept us in the car most of the time so not many flower photos this time


The new postcard below was found at the Mt. Rushmore gift shop, RP 498,  and shows an example of the open wildlife region




For more information, see: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Needles_(Black_Hills)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_Stake_Park


For more information, see: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Needles_(Black_Hills)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_Stake_Park

Thursday, October 26, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 322






Vernazza, Italy, 1967

A friend living in Italy found the above postcard in a flea market.  It is a used card dated 22 August 1967 and sent from Vernazza.  The identifier at the lower left on the reverse is 10889 Ed M. Ginocchio, La Spezia, printed by Rotalcolor.  The logos on the reverse show two sea horses with the initials M.G.S. between the tails, a world globe is featured at the top of the card also.  The panorama view is of the perched village of Vernazza one of the five towns making up the Cinque Terre region in the province of La Spezia, Liguria, in northwestern Italy.




Reverse
The two stamps on the postcard are from the 1960s also and show sculpture profiles.

Vernazza was a fortified town as early as 1080.  The Italian noble family of Obertenghi used it as their maritime base.  Likely a departure point for naval forces in defense of pirates the tower on the point in the center of card is part of  Doria Castle built in the 1400s.   The other tall structure seen at the right in the photograph is the Church of Santa Margherita d’Antiochia, first mentioned in 1318 but because of the materials and mode of construction it is thought the church was built probably some time in the 12th century.  It has been modified, expanded and renovated several times.  In the 16th or 17th century the octagonal bell tower was erected.

Vernazza provided a port, fleet, and soldiers in Genova’s conquest of Liguiria.  In the 1200s almost 90% of the most powerful families in Vernazza had pledged allegiance to the republic of Genova. 

Trivia:  A fortifying wall was erected in the 15th century as protection against repeated pirate raids.  The main product of Vernazza has been wine.  In the 19th century new terraces were added to the hillsides to increase the growing area.  UNESCO recognized the Cinque Terre as a World Heritage Site in 1999. In October 2011 flooding and mudslides as a result of torrential rains buried the town in over 13 ft or 4 m of mud and debris and caused more than 100 million euro damage.  The town remained in a state of emergency for many months.  Tourism is the main source of revenue today although fishing, wine, and olive oil are still being produced.



The postcard came with a letter in an envelope that had three beautiful new Italian stamps and one fun stamp of a Fiat 500 "one of the symbols of Italy, just like pizza and the Colosseum in Rome."  As always, thanks to my friend for sending the card and the stamps.  






For additional information, see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vernazza

Saturday, October 21, 2017

Fall colors in the mountains . . .





The past few weeks we have been choosing days and places that would provide some cool, but not rainy, weather and fall colors.  One hike took us to Cottonwood and Mirror Lakes in the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Park area.  The Northwest Forest Pass or a Senior park pass is required there.  That day also included a stop at Franklin Falls near Denny Creek.  And, of course, the obligatory stop at the candy store on the way home for marzipan and dark chocolates.  Then we missed a week due to weather and other commitments.  The next outing was to Beaver Plant and Ashland Lakes on the Mountain Loop Highway, Discover Pass required.  Both hikes were approximately 4 miles round trip. 




Lots of solitude, we saw 5 people and one dog on the hike to Cottonwood and Mirror Lakes.  We left the car about 1/2 mile from the trail head and walked up a steep, very eroded, rutty, rocky stretch of road, perhaps only suitable for an ATV to attempt, before entering the almost covered with vegetation trail.  Both lakes were calm and had wonderful reflections.  No facilities at the trail head or at the lakes.



The trail later opened up in places like the one shown and was in relatively good condition.



 Weathered sign for Cottonwood Lake, Mirror Lake and the Pacific Crest Trail


Fireweed gone to seed 


 Cottonwood Lake


 The hillside along the trail to Mirror Lake


 Mirror Lake living up to its name . . .


 Looking down from the Pacific Crest Trail on the forest colors from near Mirror Lake


 The perfect lunch spot to enjoy the view


 Tree ablaze with color along the Kachess highway

 The same day we took a slight detour along the Kachess Highway to admire the beautiful autumn leaves.  Most of the trees were vine maples with their green, yellow, orange, and bright red colors.




Bob has been making trips along the Kachess Highway for the past 15 years to see the colors and knew exactly where to stop to get the maximum displays. 


 Franklin Falls with rainbow

After the drive along the Kachess Highway we stopped for a short walk to Franklin Falls and timed it perfectly to see a rainbow through the mists.  Amazingly the rainbow dipped into the pool at the bottom of the falls as well.



 Trail marker to Beaver Plant & Ashland Lakes

Two weeks later we hiked to Beaver Plant and Ashland Lakes on the Mountain Loop.  This trail requires a Discover Pass.  It was well kept but much of the trail is over boggy areas and there are many boardwalks and a few stairs.  The camping areas have wooden platforms for tents.  It is like the rain forest with lush, greenery.  We did see a little bit of melting snow along the sides of the trail.  We only met 8 people and one dog this day.  The limited wildlife sightings included a dragonfly near the lake shore; a waterstrider bug, I had never seen one except on TV nature shows, a Douglas squirrel dashing across the trail, and a curious chipmunk who came close when we were having lunch then darted away.  The State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has had more funds to provide amenities than the federal US Forest Service, therefore, there are outhouses at the trail head and at each of the camping areas by the lakes. 

Bright red Bunchberry on a bed of moss


 Beaver Plant Lake



 There are lots of boardwalks along this trail


 Lily pads in Ashland Lake


 Typical fall colors along the shores of Ashland Lake


 The view from our lunch spot



We were able to have our lunch sitting on the dry platform behind the sign and enjoy another lakeside view


Thursday, October 19, 2017

If this is Thursday it must be postcards, 321





Vintage poster postcard from Messageries Maritimes, early 1900s

The two postcards shared this week are modern color cards made from old advertising posters of the Messageries Maritimes, a French merchant shipping company that was created in 1851 and operated variously as Messageries nationales, Messageries impérials, and Compagnie des messageries maritimes or “Mes Mar” of M.M. until 1977 when it merged with Compagnie générale transatlantique to form Compagnie générale maritime.  In 1996 it was privatized and sold to Compagnie Maritime d’Affrètement. 

These cards are identified as Pro-Artis/Droits reserves 1997, Paris, France, printed in Canada.  The card above has the number 72029 and the card below is 72026.  Since the cards were published in 1997 and the company was revamped in 1996 it seems reasonable to suggest that they were part of advertising or promotional material for the new company. 

The ships sailed from Marseilles, France serving the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, The Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and finally the Pacific Ocean.  From the place names on it the top card the poster looks to have come from the golden age of the company 1871-1914.  Also note the original M.M. flag, a rectangle with red corners, well known and recognized in shipping circles during that era.




Poster postcard from Messageries Maritimes, Chapollion, ca 1951

The more modern ship featured on the second card was first built in 1925.  The poster shows the ship with a single stack, the most recent modification that took place in 1951.  This ship, named the Champollion, after Jean-François Champollion a noted French scholar who is known as the decipherer of Egyptian hieroglyphs, had destinations in Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon.  The Champollion was a real luxury ship with one of the first dishwashers; bedrooms outfitted in teak and mahogany; bathroom mosaics, and forged iron elevators.  Her sister ship, the Mariette Pacha, was also a beautiful vessel but not quite as luxurious.  While the Champollion was modified and modernized several times the Mariette Pacha was not.  It was scuttled in 1944, cut in two by explosives in the port of Marseilles. 

The ships of this company were used as troop ships during the Crimean War.   The Champollion transported troops between Marseilles and Indochina in 1947 and was also used to transport nearly 1,000 Jewish emigrants from Marseilles to Palestine before the war and over 700 Jewish children in 1946. 

Only one year after the modernization in 1951, the Champollion sank in a terrible accident off the coast of Beirut, Lebanon in December of 1952.  New lights on an airfield were mistaken for the lighthouse, the ship took a wrong turn and sank during a storm. Even though the ship was relatively close to shore the storm prevented rescue units from reaching the ship in time to save everyone.  Two sisters swam to shore rather than wait for help to arrive.  Help eventually did arrive but out of the 120 member crew and 111 passengers the loss of life was 17 persons. 

For additional information, see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messageries_Maritimes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Fran%C3%A7ois_Champollion
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Champollion&prev=search